The Bible consists of 66 books … 39 in the old, 27 in the new testament. The Hebrew old testament that existed at the time of Christ is the same one that we have today with the same 39 books.
The chapter and verse divisions in the Bible, which make it convenient to reference, were made later in history by Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, England who divided the Bible into chapters. Robert Stephanus, a printer in Paris, further divided it into verses.
In 410 ad, a scholar by the name of Jerome worked 25 years to translate the entire Bible from the original Hebrew and Greek into everyday Latin … which was then the common language of the people in the western world. Jerome’s translation, which is known as the Vulgate, is still the official text of the Roman Catholic church. The word Vulgate means “common” or “ordinary”, referring to the frequent and common use of it by the church.
But by the eighth century the only ones who could understand Latin were the scholars … which prompted a monk known as the Venerable Bede to translate the Latin Vulgate Bible into an Anglo-Saxon version, the language which was then spoken in England.